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金属材料硬度换算表  
硬度试验是机械性能试验中最简单易行的一种测试方法。为了能用硬度实验代替某种机械性能试验,生产上需要一个比较相对准确的硬度和强度单位的转换关系。
实践证明,金属材料的各种硬度值之间,硬度值与强度之间具有相应相似的关系。因为硬度值是由起始塑性变形抗力和继续塑性形变抗力所决定的,材料的强度越高,塑性变形抗力越高,硬度值也就越高。
下面是金属材料硬度换算表,有一定的实用价值,但要求数据更加精确时,仍需要采用硬度方法试验来获取。

黑色金属 Soft    Metal
洛氏硬度 表面洛氏硬度 维氏 布氏 肖氏 Rockwell Rockweel Superficial Vickers
HRA HRB HRC HRD 15N 30N 45N HV HB HS HRB HRF 15T 30T 45T HV
60kgf 100kgf 150kgf 100kgf 15kgf 30kgf 45kgf 50kgf 3000kgf JIS 100kgf 60kgf 15kgf 30kgf 45kgf 50kgf
85.6   68 76.9 93.2 84.4 75.4 940   97.6 93.5 110 90 77.5 66 196
85.3   67.5 76.5 93 84 74.3 920   96.4   109.5     65.5 194
85   67 76.1 92.9 83.6 74.2 900   95.2 93     77 65 192
84.7   66.5 75.7 92.7 83.1 73.6 880   94 92.5 109   76.5 64.5 190
84.4   65.9 75.3 92.5 82.7 73.1 860   92.8 92   89.5   64 188
84.1   65.3 74.8 92.3 82.2 72.2 840   91.5 91.5 108.5   76 63.5 186
83.8   64.7 74.3 92.1 81.7 71.8 820   90.2 91     75.5 63 184
83.4   64 73.8 91.8 81.1 71 800   88.9 90.5 108 89   62.5 182
83   63.3 73.3 91.5 80.4 70.2 780   87.5 90 107.5   75 62 180
82.6   62.5 72.6 91.2 79.7 69.4 760   86.2 89     74.5 61.5 178
82.2   61.8 72.1 91 79.1 68.6 740   84.8 88.5 107     61 176
81.8   61 71.5 90.7 78.4 67.7 720   83.3 88   88.5 74 60.5 174
81.3   60.1 70.8 90.3 77.6 66.7 700   81.8 87.5 106.5   73.5 60 172
81.1   59.7 70.5 90.1 77.2 66.2 690   81.1 87       59.5 170
80.8   59.2 70.1 89.8 76.8 65.7 680   80.3 86 106 88 73 59 168
80.6   58.8 69.8 89.7 76.4 65.3 670   79.6 85.5     72.5 58.5 166
80.3   58.3 69.4 89.5 75.9 64.7 660   78.8 85 105.5   72 58 164
80   57.8 69 89.2 75.5 64.1 650   78 84 105 87.5   57.5 162
79.8   57.3 68.7 89 75.1 63.5 640   77.2 83.5     71.5 56.7 160
79.5   56.8 68.3 88.8 74.6 63 630   76.4 83 104.5   71 56 158
79.2   56.3 67.9 88.5 74.2 62.4 620   75.6 82 104 87 70.5 55.5 156
78.9   55.7 67.5 88.2 73.6 61.7 610   74.7 81.5 103.5   70 54.5 154
78.6   55.2 67 88 73.2 61.2 600   73.9 80.5 103     54 152
78.4   54.7 66.7 87.8 72.7 60.5 590   73.1 80   86.5 69.5 53.5 150
78   54.1 66.2 87.5 72.1 59.9 580   72.2 79 102.5   69 53 148
77.8   53.6 65.8 87.2 71.7 59.3 570   71.3 78 102   68.5 52.5 146
77.4   53 65.4 86.9 71.2 58.6 560   70.4 77.5 101.5 86 68 51.5 144
77   52.3 64.8 86.6 70.5 57.8 550 505 69.6 77 101   67.5 51 142
76.7   51.7 64.4 86.3 70 57 540 496 68.7 76 100.5 85.5 67 50 140
76.4   51.1 63.9 86 69.5 56.2 530 488 67.7 75 100   66.5 49 138
76.1   50.5 63.5 85.7 69 55.6 520 480 66.8 74.5 99.5 85 66 48 136
75.7   49.8 62.9 85.4 68.3 54.7 510 473 65.9 73.5 99   65.5 47.5 134
75.3   49.1 62.2 85 67.7 53.9 500 465 64.9 73 98.5 84.5 65 46.5 132
74.9   48.4 61.6 84.7 67.1 53.1 490 456 64 72 98 84 64.5 45.5 130
74.5   47.7 61.3 84.3 66.4 52.2 480 448 63 71 97.5   63.5 45 128
74.1   46.9 60.7 83.9 65.7 51.3 470 441 62 70 97 83.5 63 44 126
73.6   46.1 60.1 83.6 64.9 50.4 460 433 61 69 96.5   62.5 43 124
73.3   45.3 59.4 83.2 64.3 49.4 450 425 60 68 96 83 62 42 122
72.8   44.5 58.8 82.8 63.5 48.4 440 415 59 67 95.5   61 41 120
72.3   43.6 58.2 82.3 62.7 47.4 430 405 58 66 95 82.5 60.5 40 118
71.8   42.7 57.5 81.8 61.9 46.4 420 397 56.9 65 94.5 82 60 39 116
71.4   41.8 56.8 81.4 61.1 45.3 410 388 55.9 64 94 81.5 59.5 38 114
70.8   40.8 65 81 60.2 44.1 400 379 54.8 63 93 81 58.5 37 112
70.3   39.8 55.2 80.3 59.3 42.9 390 369 53.7 62 92.6 80.5 58 35.5 110
69.8 110 38.8 54.4 79.8 58.4 41.7 380 360 52.6 61 92   57 34.5 108
69.2   37.7 53.6 79.2 57.4 40.4 370 350 51.5 59.5 91.2 80 56 33 106
68.7 109 36.6 52.8 78.6 56.4 39.1 360 341 50.4 58 90.5 79.5 55 32 104
68.1   35.5 51.9 78 55.4 37.8 350 331 49.3 57 89.8 79 54.5 30.5 102
67.6 108 34.4 51.1 77.4 54.4 36.5 340 322 48.1 56 89 78.5 53.5 29.5 100
67   33.3 50.2 76.8 53.6 35.2 330 313 47 54 88 78 52.5 28 98
66.4 107 32.2 49.4 76.2 52.3 33.9 320 303 45.8 53 87.2 77.5 51.5 26.5 96
65.8   31.6 48.4 75.8 51.8 32.8 310 294 44.6 61.6 86.6 77 50.5 24.5 94
65.2 105.5 29.8 47.5 74.9 50.2 31.1 300 284 43.4 49.5 85.4 76.5 49 23 92
64.8   29.2 47.1 74.6 49.7 30.4 295 280 42.8 47.5 84.4 75.5 48 21 90
64.5 104.5 28.5 46.5 74.2 49 29.5 290 275 42.2 46 83.5 75 47 19 88
64.2   27.8 46 73.8 48.4 28.7 285 270 41.6 44 82.3 74.5 45.5 17 86
63.8 103.5 27.1 45.3 73.4 47.8 27.9 280 265 40.9 42 81.2 73.5 44 14.5 84
63.5   26.4 44.9 73 47.2 27.1 275 261 40.3 40 80 73 43 12.5 82
63.1 102 25.6 44.3 72.6 46.4 26.2 270 256 39.7 37.5 78.6 72 41 10 80
62.7   24.8 43.7 72.1 45.7 25.2 265 252 39 35 77.4 71.5 39.5 7.5 78
62.4 101 24 43.1 71.6 45 24.3 260 247 38.4 32.5 76 70.5 38 4.5 76
62   23.1 42.2 71.1 44.2 23.2 255 243 37.8 30 74.8 70 36 1 74
61.6 99.5 22.2 41.7 70.6 43.4 22.2 250 238 37.2 27.5 73.2 69 34   72
61.2   21.3 41.1 70.1 42.5 21.1 245 233 36.5 24.5 71.6 68 32   70
60.7 98.1 20.3 40.3 69.6 41.7 19.9 240 228 35.9 21.5 70 67 30   68
  96.7 18         230 219 34.1 18.5 68.5 66 28   66
  95 15.7         220 209 33.2 15.5 66.8 65 25.5   64
  93.4 13.4         210 200 31.8 12.5 65 63.5 23   62
  91.5 11         200 190 30.4 10 63 62.5 20.5   60
  89.5 8.5         190 181 29   61 61 18   58
  87.1 6         180 171 27.7   58.8 60 15   56
  85 3         170 162 26.5   56.5 58.5 12   54
  81.7 0         160 152 25   53.5 57     52
  78.7           150 143 23.7   50.5 55.5     50
  78           140 133 22.1   49 54.5     49
  71.2           130 124 20.6   47 53.5     48
  66.7           120 114 19.1   45       47
  62.3           110 105 17.6   43       46
  56.2           100 95 16.1   40       45